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Premier Li Keqiang Underscores the Need for China and India to Work Together to Forge a Closer Developmental Partnership in His Talks with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi

On the morning of 15 May 2015, Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council held talks with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Great Hall of the People.

Li first welcomed Modi on his official visit to China. He noted that relations between China and India, the world's two largest developing countries, concern not only the well-being of their 2.5 billion people but also development and prosperity in the region and beyond. Li said that President Xi Jinping paid a successful visit to India last year and had a productive meeting with Prime Minister Modi in Xi'an yesterday, and that India was the first stop of his first overseas trip as the Chinese premier. China and India should not be competitors but rather each other's important partner of cooperation. Both countries need to view the relationship in the larger context of Asia and the world, vigorously promote strategic mutual trust, economic cooperation and cultural and people-to-people exchange, jointly facilitate the recovery of the world economy, boost development of both countries and other developing countries and uphold peace and prosperity of the region and the world at large.

Li said that China stands ready to work with India to jointly forge a closer developmental partnership. Politically, the two sides need to maintain regular contact at the leadership level, intensify communication on major issues, and ensure the right direction in the development of bilateral ties. Both sides need to fully demonstrate vision in properly managing sensitive issues such as the boundary question, keep up the momentum for negotiations and establish framework mechanisms for cooperation. While ensuring peace and tranquility in border areas, they need to focus their energy on promoting bilateral strategic cooperation and common development in the joint effort to usher in a truly Asian Century. Economically, the two countries need to fully leverage their complementarity, align their development strategies, and expedite cooperation in infrastructure, industrial production capacity and equipment to speed up the industrialization and modernization process in both countries. They need to speed up the building of the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor to promote regional economic development. They need to advance practical cooperation in railways, industrial parks and other priority areas, create flagship programs of cooperation, and promote a dynamic balance in bilateral trade. China is ready to take part in India's Industrial Corridor development and strengthen bilateral cooperation in vocational skills training, and hopes that India will create an enabling environment for Chinese investors. On cultural and people-to-people exchange, the two sides need to expand two-way visits, and intensify exchanges in science and technology, education, tourism and other fields so as to solidify public support for the growth of China-India relations.

Li stressed that China stands ready to intensify communication and coordination with India on global governance, reform of the international financial system, climate change, sustainable development and other global issues, promote various regional cooperation initiatives, and jointly uphold the legitimate rights and interests of the two countries and developing countries in general.

Modi said that India and China, both being major developing countries, need to strengthen communication and cooperation and promote common development, as this will benefit both countries and their peoples and serve peace and prosperity in Asia and the world. Modi noted that Premier Li's recent interview with India Today on the eve of his current visit was warmly received in India. The two sides need to draw framework plans and roadmaps for deepening bilateral strategic cooperation to bring the relationship to even higher levels in the interests of regional and global stability and development. Relations between India and China are a mature one and India is ready to properly manage the boundary question and other sensitive issues. Given the immense complementarity of the two economies and their respective strengths and needs, the two sides may enhance policy coordination, and work with each other in urbanization, manufacturing, infrastructure, industrial parks, renewable energy, finance, IT sector and other fields to promote mutual benefit and win-win progress. India and China are both ancient civilizations and are well-positioned to intensify exchanges and cooperation in culture, tourism, health and at the subnational level to enhance mutual trust and understanding between the two countries and their peoples.

The two sides commended each other's efforts in assisting Nepal's post-quake rescue and relief operations, and agreed to vigorously engage in and strengthen cooperation on disaster mitigation and relief assistance for less developed countries.

The leaders also had an in-depth exchange of views on international and regional issues of mutual interest.

Before their talks, Li held a welcoming ceremony for Modi outside the Eastern Entrance of the Great Hall of the People. Vice Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Wang Zhengwei attended the welcoming ceremony.

After the talks, 24 cooperation documents were signed in the presence of the two leaders covering railways, mining, education, space, quality supervision and inspection, film and television, ocean, earthquake science and between political parties, think tanks and various localities of the two countries.

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